DE JURE Critical Laws Journal https://myjournal.id/index.php/jwh <p><strong>DE JURE</strong><strong> </strong><strong>Critical Laws Journal </strong>adalah suatu Kajian Hukum yang bersifat kritis sebagai buah pemikiran, ide, gagasan, telaah dan kajian yang bertujuan untuk mencapai Kesejahteraan yang berkeadilan, di samping sebagai penyalur informasi dan strategi praktis penyelesaian masalah-masalah hukum yang mana merupakan wujud nyata kontribusi, berupa sumbangan pemikiran yang dapat dimanfaatkan bagi mahasiswa maupun masyarakat.</p> <p><strong>DE JURE</strong><strong> </strong><strong> </strong><strong>Critical Laws Journal </strong> memuat naskah bidang Ilmu Hukum untuk mencari <em>ratio legis</em> dan dasar ontologis lahirnya sebuah Undang-Undang.<em> </em>Dengan mengkaji <em>Ratio legis</em> dan dasar <em>Ontologi</em> akan mengungkap kandungan filosofi dalam perundang-undangan tersebut. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan mengenai ada tidaknya benturan filosofis antara undang-undang dengan isu yang dihadapi. Selain itu, guna menjawab mengenai isu-isu hukum (<em>issue cases</em>) terkait ketentuan undang-undang dengan filosofi yang melahirkan undang-undang tersebut dan fakta hukum terkait kasus-kasus yang telah mempunyai putusan yang berkekuatan hukum tetap (<em>In kracht van gewijsde)</em> sehingga dapat ditelaah dan diketahui <em>ratio decidendi</em> atau <em>reasoning</em> putusannya, yaitu pertimbangan pengadilan untuk sampai pada putusan.</p> <p><strong>DE JURE</strong><strong> </strong><strong>Critical Laws Journal </strong>adalah media dwi-tahunan, terbit sebanyak dua nomor dalam setahun (Mei dan November). Isi article <strong>DE JURE</strong><strong> </strong><strong>Critical Laws Journal </strong> dapat dikutip dengan menyebutkan sumbernya <em>(Citation is permitted with acknowledgement of the source).</em></p> <p>Tulisan-tulisan yang dimuat, setelah melalui penyuntingan seperlunya oleh tim redaksi dengan tanpa mengubah substansi sesuai naskah aslinya. Tulisan dalam penerbitan ini sepenuhnya merupakan pendapat dan tanggung jawab pribadi penulisnya dan tidak dapat diartikan sebagai pendapat penerbit.</p> <p>Akhirnya tim redaksi <strong>DE JURE</strong><strong> </strong><strong>Critical Laws Journal </strong>mengucapkan selamat membaca.</p> Program Magister Ilmu Hukum (PMIH) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Hukum (STIH) Sultan Adam Banjarmasin en-US DE JURE Critical Laws Journal 2776-6357 ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE DUE TO MINING EXPLOITATION CONSTITUTIONAL PERSPECTIVE https://myjournal.id/index.php/jwh/article/view/57 <p>This study aims to analyze the efforts to protect against environmental destruction due to mining exploitation by adopting constitutional norms.</p> <p>The current state of the environment is a means to predict future conditions. This causes environmental law regulations that are created and needed to be able to go far in the future in establishing various rules or norms concerning the determination of legal values ​​that are beneficial to the welfare of the nation and state, especially to the Indonesian people themselves in the future. So that countries in the world agree to protect the environment by incorporating general environmental principles into the constitution of a country or regional constitution. Therefore, the author conducted a normative-empirical research by analyzing legal materials and the data described using a descriptive-qualitative approach.</p> <p>This research is focused on a problem and the situation will then reveal a fact that is analyzed with related concepts and theories so that conclusions can be drawn. Legal protection efforts against environmental destruction due to mining exploitation activities have so far not been effective so that the risk is not only experienced by living things around the mining area, but legal risks will be given to those who violate the provisions of environmental law.</p> <p>Law enforcement has an important role in supporting the protection and management of the environment as regulated in the Republic of Indonesia Law No.&nbsp;32 of 2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management, but more than that, Environmental Law actually also prioritizes local wisdom and an approach to the principle of subsidiarity.</p> Nikmah Fitriah Adha Ari Puspitawati Aspihani Didi Noryadi Copyright (c) 2022 DE JURE Critical Laws Journal 2022-11-25 2022-11-25 3 2 1 17 10.48171/jwh.v3i2.57 JURIDIC ANALYSIS OF WASTE MANAGEMENT: A CASE STUDY OF HOSPITAL MEDICAL WASTE AKA MEDIKA SRIBHAWONO FACTORY WASTE PT. MARIMAS https://myjournal.id/index.php/jwh/article/view/64 <p>This study aims to analyze the application of sanctions for pollution by PT. Marimas Semarang City is consistent with the provisions of Law No. 32 of 2009 concerning Protection and Management of the Environment, and Supervision and enforcement of the law on criminal acts of B3 medical waste management at AKA Medika Sribhawono Hospital, East Lampung Regency.</p> <p>Therefore, the author conducted a normative-empirical research by analyzing legal materials and the data described using a descriptive-qualitative approach. This research is focused on a problem and the situation will then reveal a fact that is analyzed with related concepts and theories so that conclusions can be drawn. Fulfillment of elements of the provisions of Article 103 of Law No. 32 of 2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management in conjunction with Article 59 Paragraph 1 Amendments to Law No. 32 of 2009 concerning the Protection and Management of the Environment in the Republic of Indonesia Law No. 11 of&nbsp;&nbsp;2020 concerning Job Creation and/or Article 104 Juncto Article 60 of the Republic of Indonesia Law No. 32 of 2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management.</p> Riana Kesuma Ayu Heri Siswoyo Ahmad Nafarin M. Yogi Prawira Ferdi Rahman Copyright (c) 2022 DE JURE Critical Laws Journal 2022-11-25 2022-11-25 3 2 18 27 10.48171/jwh.v3i2.64 LAW ENFORCEMENT OF RIVER WATER QUALITY POLLUTION IN THE CITY OF A THOUSAND RIVERS BASED ON STRICT LIABILITY https://myjournal.id/index.php/jwh/article/view/65 <p>This study aims to analyze environmental criminal law enforcement by law enforcement actors in Banjarmasin, namely the Police and the Attorney General's Office to corporate parties or business actors as well as legal obstacles that arise in the implementation of criminal practices faced by law enforcement actors if the corporation pollute water where the water is the source of life for Banjarmasin residents who live on the banks of the river or businesses or industries or corporations that produce waste that can pollute the rivers in Banjarmasin.</p> <p>This research is a normative-empirical research that analyzes based on laws and regulations regarding environmental management and environmental impacts, questionnaire data from communities, businesses, industries, corporations that are near or above the rivers in Banjarmasin.</p> <p>The approach in this study uses the statute approach, fact approach, and analytical conceptual approach. In accordance with its normative nature. Legal materials are analyzed descriptively in an evaluative, interpretative, systematic, constructive and argumentative manner using existing theories and concepts and after that analysis is carried out so that conclusions can be drawn.</p> <p>&nbsp;Article 35 paragraph (1) UUPPLH which is subject to the principle of absolute accountability. Businesses and activities that cause major and significant impacts are businesses and activities that are required to implement RKL and RPL which are part of the AMDAL document, while businesses and activities that use B3 and/or businesses and activities that generate B3 waste are businesses and activities that have high risk. can pollute and/or damage the environment and/or endanger the environment, health, and the survival of other living things so that the use must be optimal.&nbsp;But not all business activities are subject to the principle of absolute accountability.</p> Subroto R Arie Setyawan Aulia Rahman Muhammad Anwary Rahman M. Rizal Akbar Angga Dwi Saputra Copyright (c) 2022 DE JURE Critical Laws Journal 2022-11-25 2022-11-25 3 2 28 42 10.48171/jwh.v3i2.65 ENVIRONMENTAL CRIMINAL LAW ENFORCEMENT BASED ON PENAL MEDIATION https://myjournal.id/index.php/jwh/article/view/66 <p>This study aims to analyze environmental criminal law enforcement and alternative settlements of environmental criminal cases based on penal mediation, namely the Police and the Prosecutor's Office to corporate parties or industrial players.</p> <p>This research is a normative-empirical research that analyzes legal materials and the data is described descriptively qualitatively obtained from the results of the literature and questionnaires from the community regarding environmental management and environmental impacts related to Environmental Criminal Law Enforcement analyzing related concepts and theories and concepts so that conclusions can be drawn.</p> <p>The Police and Prosecutors must enforce the law firmly and consistently. Settlement of environmental crimes cases through penal mediation is relatively simple, fast and low-cost. With the existence of penal mediation as an alternative for solving environmental crimes, it provides the possibility to apply punishments that are more flexible and beneficial to the environment.</p> Masdari Tasmin Murjani Tumen Gt. Rizkina Maulina Firmansyah Mahyudin Copyright (c) 2022 DE JURE Critical Laws Journal 2022-11-25 2022-11-25 3 2 43 50 10.48171/jwh.v3i2.66 ENFORCEMENT OF SANCTIONS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IN BARITO KUALA REGENCY https://myjournal.id/index.php/jwh/article/view/67 <p>This study aims to analyze the provisions of law enforcement regarding environmental pollution in Barito Kuala Regency and the role of the Regional Government in creating local legal products aimed at protecting the environment from degradation, pollution and damage.</p> <p>Therefore, the author conducted a normative-empirical research analyzing legal materials and descriptive qualitative data obtained from the results of the literature and questionnaires from the community regarding environmental management and environmental impacts related to Environmental Criminal Law Enforcement, analyzing related concepts and theories and concepts so that they can conclusion is drawn.</p> <p>Law enforcement against cases of environmental pollution violations in Barito Kuala Regency is caused by business owners, and in law enforcement, administrative sanctions are carried out. In addition to administration in law enforcement, there are three instruments, namely administrative law enforcement, civil law enforcement and criminal law enforcement. The government, the community, and business/activities implementers should obey and carry out the existing rules to maintain environmental sustainability, actively monitor the possibility of pollution so that the environment is protected from damage, and take firm action against the perpetrators of pollution by giving strict sanctions.</p> Ahmad Suhaimi A.F. Toni Gais Ali Mustofa Akhmad Junaidi Norani M. Radini Copyright (c) 2022 DE JURE Critical Laws Journal 2022-11-25 2022-11-25 3 2 51 66 10.48171/jwh.v3i2.67 VIOLATIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL LICENSES IMPACT FLOOD DISASTER IN SOUTH KALIMANTAN IN 2021 : CASE STUDY OF BANJARMASIN TUN COURT DECISION NUMBER 6/G/TF/2021/PTUN.BJM https://myjournal.id/index.php/jwh/article/view/68 <p>This study aims to analyze the regulation of confiscation as an administrative sanction for violations of environmental permits, and accountability for the causes of the flood disaster in South Kalimantan due to illegal exploitation of natural resources.</p> <p>This research is a normative legal research that examines legal norms, legal principles, and legal doctrines sourced from primary and secondary legal materials relating to the issue of confiscation as an administrative sanction applied to violators of environmental permits through a statutory approach and concepts that are supported by legal materials that are analyzed qualitatively, namely analysis without using numbers, but making conclusions on the results of interpretation of legal rules relevant to the subject so that conclusions can be drawn.</p> <p>Confiscation can be applied to violations of environmental permits by authorized government officials in the context of enforcing environmental laws and is a special sanction due to violations of environmental permits, so it is necessary to evaluate the Government and Society of South Kalimantan Province that protecting the environment can collaborate with each other on land in the South Kalimantan Province to be able to follow the relevant laws and government regulations in the South Kalimantan Province Region.</p> Fauzan Ramon Maulidun Imam Akbar Fabrianor Rahman Doddy Hartono Ahmad Nafarin Pujiono Copyright (c) 2022 DE JURE Critical Laws Journal 2022-11-25 2022-11-25 3 2 67 83 10.48171/jwh.v3i2.68 FOREST AND LAND BURN : STUDY OF PANGKALANBUN STATE COURT JURISDICTION STUDY NUMBER : 233/PID.B/LH/2020/PNPBU https://myjournal.id/index.php/jwh/article/view/69 <p>This study aims to analyze the regulation of forest and land burning, and the basis for consideration of corporate criminal responsibility in environmental crimes in the PangkalanBun District Court Decision Number: 233/Pid.B/LH/2020/PNPBU.&nbsp;The phenomenon of forest fires carried out by companies and civilians to clear plantations or mining areas that cause air pollution and explore the regulations and criminal sanctions of forest and land burning as a form of environmental crime, as well as analyze the legal consequences of laws related to forest burning and land.</p> <p>Therefore, the author conducted a normative-empirical research analyzing legal materials and descriptive qualitative data obtained from the results of the literature and questionnaires related to cases against the community regarding the impact of forest and land burning, and analyzing related concepts and theories so that conclusions can be drawn. The author's findings that the defendant corporate PT. Kumai Sentosa is the most disadvantaged party in the land burning case, so there is no intentional element to burn the land because it is included in the force majeure category which is a legal reason as an exception to the occurrence of consequences.</p> Karli H Kalianda Seven Febrina Lumbantobing Triatmoko Agung Wirawan Ahmad Yasin Gt. Yoeslian Noor Edu Marpaung Copyright (c) 2022 DE JURE Critical Laws Journal 2022-11-25 2022-11-25 3 2 84 97 10.48171/jwh.v3i2.69 LAND DISPUTE SETTLEMENT MEDIATION IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF CUSTOM LAW https://myjournal.id/index.php/jwh/article/view/70 <p>Mediation is an alternative to dispute resolution outside the court using the services of a mediator or arbitrator. According to customary law it is regulated and partly regulated by the local customary law in question. This approach is also known as a sociological approach that is carried out directly to the field of research intended to examine the relationship between the Government and indigenous peoples in terms of resolving land disputes through customary mediation. The results of the research on land dispute resolution through Customary Law are also in the form of Authoritative Mediators, with simpler stages such as summoning the parties to the dispute, calling witnesses, deliberation processes, and closing (reading decisions from deliberations. Mediation of land settlements according to customary law as carried out by the Customary Peace Judge (KAN) there are two patterns, namely the first pattern in the form of a decree consisting of sections :reading, weighing, remembering, paying attention to, deciding and signing the results of the judgment. The second pattern resembles a decision.</p> Ningrum Ambarsari Copyright (c) 2022 DE JURE Critical Laws Journal 2022-11-28 2022-11-28 3 2 98 107