• Indah Cahyani Trunojoyo University



Comparative Law, Constitution, Human Rights


The purpose of this study is to find obstacles from the application of the Human Rights Constitution which is studied from the start of the development of human rights in Islamic historical civilization and the development of human rights in the history of Western progress as a parameter.

This study uses a historical approach and a comparative approach where secondary data will be searched for, including conventional human rights history books and human rights content in Islamic teachings.

Jhon Locke's theory of natural law that even though there is freedom does not mean that humans are free to destroy themselves or other creatures because nature has laws to regulate that they cannot destroy the lives of others because these are all the creation of the creator. JJ Rousseau's social contract theory that humans who live in a primitive state have original freedom which then these humans form a life together with other people who also have the same freedom, this can happen through contracts. This statement was later known as a social contract.

The findings of this study indicate that human rights violations can not only be committed by the state (government), but also by a group, group, or individual against other groups, groups, individuals. So far, more attention has been focused on human rights violations committed by the state, while human rights violations by civilians may be far more, but have received less attention. Therefore there needs to be a firm policy capable of guaranteeing the respect of human rights in Indonesia. This needs to be done with the following steps:

1). Increasing the professionalism of state security and defense institutions;

2). Upholding the law in a fair, consistent and non-discriminatory manner; 3). Increase harmonious cooperation between groups or groups in

society so that they are able to understand each other and respect each other's

beliefs and opinions;
4). Strengthening and consolidating democracy.



How to Cite

Cahyani, I. (2020). COMPARISON OF EGYPTIAN CONSTITUTION AND HUMAN RIGHTS. DE JURE Critical Laws Journal, 1(1), 27–49.